Artificial intelligence (AI)-synthesized text, audio, image, and video are being weaponized for the purposes of nonconsensual intimate imagery, financial fraud, and disinformation campaigns. Our evaluation of the photorealism of AI-synthesized faces indicates that synthesis engines have passed through the uncanny valley and are capable of creating faces that are indistinguishable-and more trustworthy-than real faces.
Keywords: deep fakes; face perception.
Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.