Objectives: To investigate the association between three-dimensional (3D) skeletal variables and self-recognition of facial asymmetry in skeletal Class III patients.
Materials and methods: Questionnaires and cone beam computed tomography of 74 patients (42 men and 32 women; mean age: 22.8 ± 4.5 years) with skeletal Class III and facial asymmetry were collected retrospectively. Patients were classified into three groups: group Sy (recognition of symmetry), group NS (not sure), and group Asy (recognition of asymmetry), according to their responses to the questionnaires. To assess 3D anatomic differences in the maxillomandibular region, six 3D hard tissue variables: maxillary height, ramal length, frontal ramal inclination (FRI), lateral ramal inclination (LRI), mandibular body length (Mn BL), and mandibular body height (Mn BH) were compared among the three self-recognition groups. Six 3D hard tissue variables and Menton deviation were reduced into three factors and their association with the self-recognition of facial asymmetry was investigated.
Results: Maxillary height, FRI, LRI, Mn BH, and Menton deviation demonstrated significant differences among the three self-recognition groups. The reduced factors, which consisted of transverse and vertical parameters, and vertical parameter of the mandibular corpus, demonstrated significant differences among the three self-recognition groups. The difference in Mn BH influenced the self-recognition of facial asymmetry.
Conclusions: Both the transverse and vertical parameter of the skeleton were determinant in self-recognition of facial asymmetry. Identification of the skeletal difference in the lateral view involving LRI and Mn BH should be included for assessment of facial asymmetry.
Keywords: Facial asymmetry; Self-recognition; Skeletal Class III.
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