Precursor Heterogeneity Driven Mo-Te Nanoparticle Structural Diversification for Cancer Photo-Theranostics

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2022 Mar 2;14(8):9987-10000. doi: 10.1021/acsami.1c20634. Epub 2022 Feb 18.


Chemical reactions between homogeneous precursors are typically used to synthesize monodisperse nanoparticles with well-controlled size and morphology. It is difficult to predict the evolved nanostructures when using two heterogeneous precursors. In this study, three types of Mo-Te nanoparticles shaped like leaves, spindles, and rice grains (denoted respectively as nanoleaf, nanospindle, and nanorice) were obtained from dextrose-mediated proton-coupled electron transfer reaction between the solid polyoxomolybdate (POM) and the ionic tellurite anion as precursors. All produced nanoparticles had excellent optical absorption in the ultraviolet(UV)-visible(Vis)-near-infrared(NIR) regions, with only slight deviations among them. After confirming nanoparticles' photothermal conversion and photocatalytic activity at multiple wavelengths, the Mo-Te nanorice was tested as a potential agent for cancer treatment due to its minimum toxicity, excellent colloidal stability, and intrinsic anticancer effect. Excellent treatment efficacy and clearance were confirmed in vitro and in vivo. Due to their photoacoustic imaging capability, the injection of pristine nanoparticles could also realize phototheranostics without using additional drugs, probes, or photosensitizers.

Keywords: cancer therapy; molybdenum; photoacoustic imaging; phototherapy; tellurium.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Nanoparticles* / chemistry
  • Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Photoacoustic Techniques* / methods
  • Phototherapy
  • Precision Medicine
  • Theranostic Nanomedicine