Intervertebral disk degeneration (IDD) is a major cause of low back pain that becomes a prevalent age-related disease. However, the pathophysiological processes behind IDD are rarely known. Here, we used bioinformatics analysis based on the microarray datasets (GSE34095) to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in degenerated discs. From the previous studies, oxidative stress has been notified as a positive inducement of IDD, which causes DNA damage and accelerates cell senescence. Polyamine oxidase (PAOX), a member of the observed 1057 DEGs, is involved in polyamine metabolism and influences the oxidative balance in cells. However, it is uncertain if the IDD is implicated in the dysregulation of PAOX and polyamine metabolism. This study firstly verified the PAOX upregulation in human degenerated disc samples and applied an IL-1β-induced nucleus pulposus (NP) cell degeneration model to demonstrate that spermidine supplementation balanced polyamine metabolism and delayed NP cell senescence. Moreover, we confirmed that spermidine/N-acetylcysteine supplementation or Cdkn2a gene deletion stabilized the polyamine metabolism, suppressed oxidative stress, and therefore delayed the progress of IDD in older mice. Collectively, our study highlights the role of polyamine metabolism in IDD and foresees spermidine would be the advanced therapeutical drug for IDD.
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