Environmental benefits from geothermal energy use with a well doublet located in the Szczecin Trough (NW Poland)

Environ Geochem Health. 2022 Jul;44(7):2325-2339. doi: 10.1007/s10653-022-01220-0. Epub 2022 Feb 21.


The article presents environmental aspects related to the use of geothermal waters of the Lower Jurassic in the area of the Szczecin Trough. The research area located in the north-western part of the country has been successfully using underground waters of the Lower Jurassic since the 1990s to generate thermal energy at two geothermal heating plants located in Pyrzyce and Stargard. In the case of the area in question, it was proposed a hypothetical geothermal doublet located in the vicinity of the city of Choszczno, for which numerical simulations were carried out for different variants of the locations of the wells and the intake capacity. On the basis of the obtained results, the environmental effect that could be achieved in the case of the analyzed investment was estimated. Reduction in pollutants emission might be expected on the global scale. Even taking into account the emission linked to the electricity consumed (more than 81% of electricity in 2020 in Poland was produced based on fossil fuels, the share of had coal is about half of them). Local reduction in emission is obvious, and it is strictly related to the amount of reduction of fuels consumption. Taking into account the health resorts and thermal pools that utilize groundwater operating in the Polish Lowlands, the chemical composition of the underground waters extracted in the region of Choszczno was also analyzed, and the possibilities of their use for therapeutic and balneotherapeutic purposes were indicated.

Keywords: Environmental benefits; Geothermal water; Szczecin Trough; TOUGH2.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Geothermal Energy*
  • Groundwater*
  • Poland
  • Water Wells