Analysis of factors affecting the implementation of green human resource management using a hybrid fuzzy AHP and type-2 fuzzy DEMATEL approach

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Feb 23. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-19137-7. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The topic of green human resource management has attracted considerable attention during this last decade. Despite this interest, little research has been conducted to explore the successful implementation of green human resource management to achieve environmental sustainability goals. Therefore, this study aims to identify the factors affecting the effective implementation of green human resource management in petrochemical companies in Bushehr City. This research is the first article that has evaluated green human resource management measures in petrochemical industries, and on the other hand, it can be stated that it is the first paper to perform green measures of human resource management using the combined method of fuzzy hierarchical analysis and type-2 fuzzy DEMATEL. The present study seeks to identify these factors and examine their relationships based on existing theoretical foundations and expert opinions. Based on results, factors affecting green human resource management implementation were divided into five categories: recruitment and employment, training and development, performance appraisal, service compensation and reward, and green organizational culture management. In other words, a total of five criteria and twenty green sub-criteria were identified for the implementation of green human resource management. Fuzzy AHP and type-2 fuzzy DEMATEL were applied to determine the weights of the criteria. The results showed that the process of green training and development is the most critical factor in the effective implementation of green human resource management. Also, training and development processes, service compensation, and green organizational culture management are affecting factors to achieve this critical issue. In order to implement green human resource management, this study has proposed the priority of green measures for petrochemical industry managers.

Keywords: Environmental management; GHRM; Green human resource management; Green organizational culture management; Sustainability management; Type-2 fuzzy DEMATEL.