Mix-and-Match or Mismatch? Exploring the Perspectives of Older Adults About Zumba Dance and Its Potential Utilization for Dual-Task Training

J Aging Phys Act. 2022 Feb 23;30(5):893-905. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0293. Print 2022 Oct 1.


Despite the popularity of Zumba dancing, research is scarce about its impact on older adults. Meanwhile, the integration of cognitive tasks with physical exercises, also known as dual tasking, is an evolving strategy to facilitate activities for older adults. This study investigated the perceptions of persons aged ≥55 years on Zumba and its potential to be incorporated into a dual-task program. We conducted a descriptive-qualitative study involving 44 Filipino older adults. Using content analysis, four themes were identified: moving toward match or mismatch, balancing benefits with burdens, dual tasking as innovative yet potentially challenging, and overcoming barriers with enablers. Although Zumba was perceived as an inclusive and beneficial activity, individual and contextual limitations could hinder its suitability. Moreover, dual tasking in Zumba was considered an innovative approach, although challenges should be addressed to promote its feasibility. Several strategies could enable the design and implementation of age-appropriate Zumba and dual-tasking programs for older adults.

Keywords: Filipinos; aerobic dancing; motor–cognitive activity; qualitative study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Dancing*
  • Exercise
  • Humans