Low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSOC) poses a specific clinical challenge due to advanced presentation at diagnosis and the lack of effective systemic treatments. The aim of this study was to use a precision medicine approach to identify clinically actionable mutations in a patient with recurrent LGSOC. Primary, metastatic and recurrence tissue, and blood samples were collected from a stage IV LGSOC patient. Single-gene testing for clinically actionable mutations (BRAF V600, KRAS and NRAS) and subsequent whole-exome sequencing (WES) were performed. Droplet digital PCR was used to evaluate the presence of an identified BRAF D594G mutation in the matched plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA). No clinically actionable mutations were identified using single-gene testing. WES identified a BRAF D594G mutation in six of seven tumor samples. The patient was commenced on a MEK inhibitor, trametinib, but with minimal clinical response. A newly designed ddPCR assay detected the BRAF alteration in the matched tissues and liquid biopsy cfDNA. The identification and sensitive plasma detection of a common "druggable" target emphasises the impact of precision medicine on the management of rare tumors and its potential contribution to novel monitoring regimens in this field.
Keywords: Cell-free circulating DNA; Digital droplet PCR; Low-grade serous ovarian cancer; Next-generation sequencing; Targeted therapy.
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.