Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) is a rare and aggressive condition that is associated with the SMARCA4 mutation and has a dismal prognosis. It is generally diagnosed in young women. Here, we report a case of a young woman with SCCOHT harboring a rare molecular finding with a highly aggressive biological behavior. The patient had a somatic SMARCB1 mutation instead of an expected SMARCA4 alteration. Even though the patient was treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell transplantation, she evolved with disease progression and died 11 months after her first symptoms appeared. We present a literature review of this rare disease and discuss the findings in the present patient in comparison to expected molecular alterations and options for SCCOHT treatment.
Keywords: SMARCB1 mutation; hypercalcemic type; ovarian cancer; small cell carcinoma of the ovary.