Whole-cell biocatalysis using genetically modified Pseudomonas taetrolens for efficient production of maltobionic acid from pure maltose and high-maltose corn syrup

Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2022 May;45(5):901-909. doi: 10.1007/s00449-022-02708-w. Epub 2022 Feb 24.


Maltobionic acid (MBA) can be applied to various fields such as food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries. In this study, whole-cell biocatalysis for MBA production was performed using recombinant Pseudomonas taetrolens homologously expressing quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (GDH). Various reaction parameters such as temperature, cell density, and cell harvest time, were optimized for improving MBA production. Under the optimized reaction conditions using pure maltose as a substrate, the MBA production titer, yield, and productivity of whole-cell biocatalyst (WCB) were 200 g/L, 95.6%, and 18.18 g/L/h, respectively, which were the highest compared to those reported previously. Productivity, a key factor for industrial MBA production, obtained from whole-cell biocatalysis in this study, was enhanced by approximately 1.9-fold compared to that obtained in our previous work (9.52 g/L/h) using the fermentation method. Additionally, the WCB could be reused up to six times without a significant reduction in MBA productivity, indicating that the WCB is very robust. Although MBA productivity (8.33 g/L/h) obtained from high-maltose corn syrup (HMCS) as a substrate was 45.8% of that using pure maltose, HMCS can be a better substrate for commercial MBA production because its price is only 1.1% of that of pure maltose. The results of this study using a WCB to convert maltose into MBA may support the development of a potential industrial process for more economically effective MBA production in the future.

Keywords: High-maltose corn syrup; Maltobionic acid; Maltose; Pseudomonas taetrolens; Quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase; Whole-cell biocatalysis.

MeSH terms

  • Biocatalysis
  • Disaccharides
  • Maltose*
  • Pseudomonas
  • Zea mays*


  • Disaccharides
  • cellobionic acid
  • Maltose

Supplementary concepts

  • Pseudomonas taetrolens