Male infertility-associated Ccdc108 regulates multiciliogenesis via the intraflagellar transport machinery

EMBO Rep. 2022 Apr 5;23(4):e52775. doi: 10.15252/embr.202152775. Epub 2022 Feb 24.


Motile cilia on the cell surface generate movement and directional fluid flow that is crucial for various biological processes. Dysfunction of these cilia causes human diseases such as sinopulmonary disease and infertility. Here, we show that Ccdc108, a protein linked to male infertility, has an evolutionarily conserved requirement in motile multiciliation. Using Xenopus laevis embryos, Ccdc108 is shown to be required for the migration and docking of basal bodies to the apical membrane in epidermal multiciliated cells (MCCs). We demonstrate that Ccdc108 interacts with the IFT-B complex, and the ciliation requirement for Ift74 overlaps with Ccdc108 in MCCs. Both Ccdc108 and IFT-B proteins localize to migrating centrioles, basal bodies, and cilia in MCCs. Importantly, Ccdc108 governs the centriolar recruitment of IFT while IFT licenses the targeting of Ccdc108 to the cilium. Moreover, Ccdc108 is required for the centriolar recruitment of Drg1 and activated RhoA, factors that help establish the apical actin network in MCCs. Together, our studies indicate that Ccdc108 and IFT-B complex components cooperate in multiciliogenesis.

Keywords: Ccdc108; IFT-B complex; actin cytoskeleton; ciliogenesis; motile cilia.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basal Bodies* / metabolism
  • Centrioles / metabolism
  • Cilia / metabolism
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male* / genetics
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins* / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins* / genetics
  • Xenopus laevis


  • CFAP65 protein, human
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • IFT74 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • RNA-Binding Proteins