Ras Multimers on the Membrane: Many Ways for a Heart-to-Heart Conversation

Genes (Basel). 2022 Jan 25;13(2):219. doi: 10.3390/genes13020219.


Formation of Ras multimers, including dimers and nanoclusters, has emerged as an exciting, new front of research in the 'old' field of Ras biomedicine. With significant advances made in the past few years, we are beginning to understand the structure of Ras multimers and, albeit preliminary, mechanisms that regulate their formation in vitro and in cells. Here we aim to synthesize the knowledge accrued thus far on Ras multimers, particularly the presence of multiple globular (G-) domain interfaces, and discuss how membrane nanodomain composition and structure would influence Ras multimer formation. We end with some general thoughts on the potential implications of Ras multimers in basic and translational biology.

Keywords: GTPase; Ras; dimers; membrane proteins; multimers; nanoclusters; nanodomains; spatial regulation.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Signal Transduction*
  • ras Proteins* / genetics
  • ras Proteins* / metabolism


  • ras Proteins