Cancer is considered by not only multiple genetic but also epigenetic amendments that drive malignant cell propagation and consult chemo-resistance. The ability to correct or ablate such mutations holds enormous promise for battling cancer. Recently, because of its great efficiency and feasibility, the CRISPR-Cas9 advanced genome editing technique has been extensively considered for therapeutic investigations of cancers. Several studies have used the CRISPR-Cas9 technique for editing cancer cell genomic DNA in cells and animal cancer models and have shown therapeutic potential in intensifying anti-cancer protocols. Moreover, CRISPR-Cas9 may be used to correct oncogenic mutations, discover anticancer drugs, and engineer immune cells and oncolytic viruses for immunotherapeutic treatment of cancer. We herein discuss the challenges and opportunities for translating therapeutic methods with CRISPR-Cas9 for clinical use and suggest potential directions of the CRISPR-Cas9 system for future cancer therapy.
Keywords: CAR-T; CRISPR-Cas9; cancer therapy.