The Pseudokinase TRIB1 in Immune Cells and Associated Disorders

Cancers (Basel). 2022 Feb 17;14(4):1011. doi: 10.3390/cancers14041011.


Research advances in Tribbles homolog (TRIB) genes have established the consensus that this protein family plays roles in diverse biological conditions and regulates intracellular signaling networks and several human diseases. In this review, we focus on one member of the family, TRIB1, and its role at the crossroads of immune signaling. TRIB1 directly interacts with transcription factors such as FOXP3 and C/EBPα, with several signaling molecules such as MEK1 and MALT1 and directly acts on key cell signaling pathways such as the MAPK and NF-κB pathways. Altogether, these interactions emphasize that TRIB1 is at the center of major cell signaling pathways while TRIB1 has cell-specific roles, potentially depending on the expressing cells and binding partners. In this review, we describe its roles in immune cells and highlight the interacting partners explaining these functions which suggests TRIB1 as a precise mediator of cellular homeostasis as well as in different cancers and immune-related disorders.

Keywords: T cells; TRIB1; Tribbles homolog 1; proliferation and differentiation.

Publication types

  • Review