The "Blood pressure and oxygenation targets in post resuscitation care, a randomized clinical trial": design and statistical analysis plan

Trials. 2022 Feb 24;23(1):177. doi: 10.1186/s13063-022-06101-6.

Abstract

Background: Comatose patients admitted after resuscitation from cardiac arrest have a significant risk of poor outcome due to hypoxic brain injury. While numerous studies have investigated and challenged the target temperature as the efficacious part of the guideline endorsed Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) protocols, our knowledge and how the remaining parts of the TTM are optimized remain sparse. The present randomized trial investigated two aspects of the TTM protocol: target blood pressure during the ICU stay and oxygenation during mechanical ventilation. Furthermore, the efficacy of device-based post-TTM fever management is addressed.

Methods: Investigator-initiated, dual-center, randomized clinical trial in comatose OHCA patients admitted to an intensive cardiac care unit. Patients are eligible for inclusion if unconscious, older than 18 years of age, and have return of spontaneous circulation for more than 20 min.

Intervention: allocation 1:1:1:1 into a group defined by (a) blood pressure targets in double-blind intervention targeting a mean arterial blood pressure of 63 or 77 mmHg and (b) restrictive (9-10 kPa) or liberal (13-14 kPa) of arterial oxygen concentration during mechanical ventilation. As a subordinate intervention, device-based active fever management is discontinued after 36 h or 72. Patients will otherwise receive protocolized standard of care according to international guidelines, including targeted temperature management at 36 °C for 24 h, sedation with fentanyl and propofol, and multimodal neuro-prognostication. Primary endpoint: Discharge from hospital in poor neurological status (Cerebral Performance category 3 or 4) or death, whichever comes first.

Secondary outcomes: Time to initiation of renal replacement therapy or death, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level at 48 h, MOCA score at day 90, Modified Ranking Scale (mRS) and CPC at 3 months, NT-pro-BNP at 90 days, eGFR and LVEF at 90 days, daily cumulated vasopressor requirement during ICU stay, and need for a combination of vasopressors and inotropic agents or mechanical circulatory support.

Discussion: We hypothesize that low or high target blood pressure and restrictive and liberal oxygen administration will have an impact on mortality by reducing the risk and degree of hypoxic brain injury. This will be assessment neurological outcome and biochemical and neuropsychological testing after 90 days.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03141099. Registered on May 2017 (retrospectively registered).

Keywords: Blood pressure targets; Cardiac arrest; Oxygenation targets; Post-cardiac arrest care; Targeted temperature management.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Heart Arrest* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Hypothermia, Induced* / adverse effects
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest* / therapy
  • Resuscitation
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03141099