A research agenda for hospital at home

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2022 Apr;70(4):1060-1069. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17715. Epub 2022 Feb 24.


Background: Hospital at home (HaH) provides hospital-level care at home as a substitute for traditional hospital care. Interest in HaH is increasing markedly. While multiple studies of HaH have demonstrated that HaH provides safe, high-quality, cost-effective care, there remain many unanswered research questions. The objective of this study is to develop a research agenda to guide future HaH-related research.

Methods: Survey of attendees of first World HaH Congress 2019 for input on research for the future HaH development. Selection and ranking of important topic areas for future HaH-related research. Development of research domains and research questions and issues using grounded theory approach, supplemented by focused literature reviews.

Results: 240 conference attendees responded to the survey (response rate, 55.3%). The majority were from Europe (64%) and North America (11%) and were HaH program leaders (29%), HaH physicians (27%), and researchers (13%). Nine research domains for future HaH research were identified: 1) definition of the HaH model of care; 2) the HaH clinical model; 3) measurement and outcomes of HaH; 4) patient and caregiver experience with HaH; 5) education and training of HaH clinicians; 6) technology and telehealth for HaH; 7) regulatory and payment issues in HaH; 8) implementation and scaling of HaH; and 9) ethical issues in HaH. Key research issues and questions were identified for each domain.

Conclusions: While highly evidence-based, unanswered research questions regarding HaH remain, focusing research efforts on the domains identified in this study will serve to improve HaH for all key HaH stakeholders.

Keywords: Hospital at home; home-based care; research agenda.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Caregivers
  • Europe
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • North America
  • Quality of Health Care*