Perceived COVID-19 Vaccine Pressure in the Caribbean: Exploring a New Stressor-Strain Phenomenon in the Pandemic

Vaccines (Basel). 2022 Feb 3;10(2):238. doi: 10.3390/vaccines10020238.


This research introduced the new construct of 'perceived COVID-19 vaccine pressure' (i.e., the psychological strain associated with societal demands on vaccine taking) and examined the initial psychometric properties of a newly proposed measure. The study surveyed 411 Barbadian respondents to examine their level of perceived COVID-19 vaccine pressure using an online survey modality. The results revealed strong and robust psychometric properties for the scale and its unidimensionality. Younger and employed respondents as well as those working in the tourism and hospitality and government (public) sectors experienced the greatest internalised vaccine pressure relative to other respondent groups. Only initial/preliminary evidence of the scale's validity and reliability was revealed by this cross-sectional study. A follow-up study (using CFA on a new sample) is needed to provide stronger evidence for its validity and reliability. Understanding the dynamics of perceived or internalised vaccine pressure might help explain the positive or negative effects of societal pressure and its implications for vaccine hesitancy and other vaccine-related attitudes and behaviours. The study is the first to conceptually discuss and empirically examine the mental health strain occasioned by societal demands placed on individuals to take a COVID-19 vaccine.

Keywords: Barbados; mental health; perceived COVID-19 vaccine pressure; psychological strain; stress; vaccine.