Peripheral administration of the Class-IIa HDAC inhibitor MC1568 partially protects against nigrostriatal neurodegeneration in the striatal 6-OHDA rat model of Parkinson's disease

Brain Behav Immun. 2022 May;102:151-160. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2022.02.025. Epub 2022 Feb 22.


Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) neurodegeneration. There is a critical need for neuroprotective therapies, particularly those that do not require direct intracranial administration. Small molecule inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDIs) are neuroprotective in in vitro and in vivo models of PD, however it is unknown whether Class IIa-specific HDIs are neuroprotective when administered peripherally. Here we show that 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) treatment induces protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent nuclear accumulation of the Class IIa histone deacetylase (HDAC)5 in SH-SY5Y cells and cultured DA neurons in vitro. Treatment of these cultures with the Class IIa-specific HDI, MC1568, partially protected against 6-OHDA-induced cell death. In the intrastriatal 6-OHDA lesion in vivo rat model of PD, MC1568 treatment (0.5 mg/kg i.p.) for 7 days reduced forelimb akinesia and partially protected DA neurons in the substantia nigra and their striatal terminals from 6-OHDA-induced neurodegeneration. MC1568 treatment prevented 6-OHDA-induced increases in microglial activation in the striatum and substantia nigra. Furthermore, MC1568 treatment decreased 6-OHDA-induced increases in nuclear HDAC5 in nigral DA neurons. These data suggest that peripheral administration of Class IIa-specific HDIs may be a potential therapy for neuroprotective in PD.

Keywords: 6-hydroxydopamine; HDAC5; Histone deacetylase; Histone deacetylase inhibitor; Neuroprotection; Parkinson’s disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dopaminergic Neurons / drug effects
  • Dopaminergic Neurons / metabolism
  • Dopaminergic Neurons / pathology
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors* / pharmacology
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism
  • Hydroxamic Acids* / pharmacology
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / metabolism
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / pathology
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / prevention & control
  • Neuroprotective Agents* / metabolism
  • Neuroprotective Agents* / pharmacology
  • Oxidopamine
  • Parkinson Disease*
  • Pyrroles* / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Substantia Nigra


  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Hydroxamic Acids
  • MC1568
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Pyrroles
  • Oxidopamine
  • Hdac5 protein, rat
  • Histone Deacetylases