Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) caused by structural vascular lesions is associated with better outcomes than primary ICH, but this relationship is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that ICH from a vascular lesion has more benign hematoma characteristics compared to primary ICH. We performed a retrospective study using data from our medical center. The SMASH-U criteria were used to adjudicate the etiology of ICH. The co-primary outcomes were admission parenchymal hematoma volume and hematoma expansion at 24 h. Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to test associations. A total of 231 patients were included of whom 42 (18%) had a vascular lesion. Compared to primary ICH patients, those with structural vascular lesions were younger (49 vs. 68 years, p < 0.001), less likely to have hypertension (29% vs. 74%, p < 0.001), had lower mean admission systolic blood pressure (140 ± 23 vs. 164 ± 35, p < 0.001), less frequently had IVH (26% vs. 44%, p = 0.03), and had mostly lobar or infratentorial hemorrhages. The median admission hematoma volume was smaller with vascular lesions (5.9 vs. 9.7 mL, p = 0.01). In regression models, ICH from a vascular lesion was associated with smaller admission hematoma volume (beta, -0.67, 95% CI, -1.29 to -0.05, p = 0.03), but no association with hematoma expansion was detected when assessed as a continuous (OR, 0.93; 95% CI, -4.46 to 6.30, p = 0.73) or dichotomous exposure (OR, 1.86; 95% CI, 0.40 to 8.51, p = 0.42). In a single-center cohort, patients with ICH from vascular lesions had smaller hematoma volumes than patients with primary ICH.
Keywords: Cerebral hemorrhage; Hypertension; Intracranial arteriovenous malformations; Intracranial hemorrhage.
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