A portal-arterial glucose concentration gradient as a signal for an insulin-dependent net glucose uptake in perfused rat liver

FEBS Lett. 1986 Jul 7;202(2):255-9. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(86)80697-4.


Since in the usual perfusion of isolated rat liver via the portal vein an insulin-dependent increase of hepatic glucose uptake could not be demonstrated, the possibility was considered that hepatic glucose uptake might not be a function of the absolute concentration of this substrate but of its concentration gradient between the portal vein and the hepatic artery. Therefore a new method was established for the simultaneous perfusion of isolated rat liver via both the hepatic artery (20-35% flow) and the portal vein (80-65% flow). When glucose was offered in a concentration gradient, 9.5 mM in the portal vein and 6 mM in the hepatic artery, insulin given via both vessels caused a shift from net glucose release to uptake. This insulin-dependent shift was not observed when glucose was offered without a gradient or with an inverse gradient, 6 mM in the portal vein and 9.5 mM in the hepatic artery. Using a portal-arterial glucose gradient as a signal the liver might be able to differentiate between endogenous and exogenous glucose.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Hepatic Artery*
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Perfusion
  • Portal Vein*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin