Present status and future directions: Root resorption

Int Endod J. 2022 Oct;55 Suppl 4(Suppl 4):892-921. doi: 10.1111/iej.13715. Epub 2022 Mar 30.


Root resorption is the loss of dental hard tissue because of odontoclastic action. In permanent teeth, it is undesirable and pathological in nature. Root resorption may occur on the inner aspect of the root canal (internal root resorption) or on the outer aspect of the root (external root resorption). Regardless of its location, root resorption is irreversible, and may result in discomfort for the patient, requires management and/or, in some cases, results in the premature loss of the affected tooth. Root resorption is often challenging to accurately diagnose and manage. The aim of this narrative review is to present the relevant literature on the aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, as well as discuss the future directions of diagnosis and management of root resorption.

Keywords: external root resorption; internal root resorption.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dentition, Permanent
  • Humans
  • Root Canal Therapy / methods
  • Root Resorption* / diagnosis
  • Root Resorption* / etiology
  • Root Resorption* / therapy