Research update of adipose tissue-based therapies in regenerative dermatology

Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2022 Aug;18(6):1956-1973. doi: 10.1007/s12015-022-10328-w. Epub 2022 Mar 1.


Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) have a spontaneous propensity to support tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Among the several sources of MSCs, adipose-derived tissue stem cells (ADSCs) have received major interest due to the higher mesenchymal stem cells concentration, ease, and safety of access. However, since a significant part of the natural capacity of ADSCs to repair damaged tissue is ascribable to their secretory activity that combines mitogenic factors, cytokines, chemokines, lipids, and extracellular matrix components, several studies focused on cell-free strategies. Furthermore, adipose cell-free derivatives are becoming more attractive especially for non-volumizing purposes, such as most dermatological conditions. However, when keratinocytes, fibroblasts, melanocytes, adipocytes, and hair follicle cells might not be locally sourced, graft of materials containing concentrated ADSCs is preferred. The usage of extracellular elements of adipose tissue aims to promote a self-autonomous regenerative microenvironment in the receiving area restoring physiological homeostasis. Hence, ADSCs or their paracrine activity are currently being studied in several dermatological settings including wound healing, skin fibrosis, burn, and aging.The present work analyzing both preclinical and clinical experiences gives an overview of the efficacy of adipose tissue-derivatives like autologous fat, the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), purified ADSCs, secretome and extracellular matrix graft in the field of regenerative medicine for the skin.

Keywords: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs); Cell-mediated therapy; Facial rejuvenation; Fibrosis; Inflammation; Scars; Skin; Wound healing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Dermatology*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells*
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Wound Healing / physiology