Phytocompounds as potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and PLpro through computational studies

Saudi J Biol Sci. 2022 May;29(5):3456-3465. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2022.02.028. Epub 2022 Feb 25.


The inhibition of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) main protease (Mpro) and papain-like protease (PLpro) prevents viral multiplications; these viral enzymes have been recognized as one of the most favorable targets for drug discovery against SARS-CoV-2. In the present study, we screened 225 phytocompounds present in 28 different Indian spices to identify compounds as potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and PLpro. Molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) binding free energy calculations, and absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) studies were done. Based on binding affinity, dynamics behavior, and binding free energies, the present study identifies pentaoxahexacyclo-dotriacontanonaen-trihydroxybenzoate derivative (PDT), rutin, and dihyroxy-oxan-phenyl-chromen-4-one derivative (DOC), luteolin-7-glucoside-4'-neohesperidoside as promising inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and PLpro, respectively.

Keywords: Molecular docking; Molecular dynamics; Mpro; PLpro; SARS-CoV-2; Spice phytochemicals.