Evolving concept of dyssynchrony and its utility

J Geriatr Cardiol. 2022 Jan 28;19(1):44-51. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2022.01.010.


The role of electromechanical dyssynchrony in heart failure gained prominence in literature with the results of trials of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). CRT has shown to significantly decrease heart failure hospitalization and mortality in heart failure patients with dyssynchrony. Current guidelines recommend the use of electrical dyssynchrony based on a QRS > 150 ms and a left bundle branch block pattern on surface electrocardiogram to identify dyssynchrony in patients who will benefit from CRT implantation. However, predicting response to CRT remains a challenge with nearly one-third of patients gaining no benefit from the device. Multiple echocardiographic measures of mechanical dyssynchrony have been studied over the past two decade. However, trials where mechanical dyssynchrony used as an additional or lone criteria for CRT failed to show any benefit in the response to CRT. This shows that a deeper understanding of cardiac mechanics should be applied in the assessment of dyssynchrony. This review discusses the evolving role of imaging techniques in assessing cardiac dyssynchrony and their application in patients considered for device therapy.