Sympathetic ophthalmia. Immunopathological findings

Ophthalmology. 1986 May;93(5):690-5. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(86)33694-7.


Ocular tissue from six patients with a clinical diagnosis of sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) was examined using immunohistochemical techniques. All patients presented with a history of bilateral panuveitis after penetrating ocular injury or multiple intraocular surgeries and clinical features of SO. In four cases, classic histopathological features of SO were observed, including granulomatous uveal tract infiltration and subretinal pigment epithelium (RPE) collections of inflammatory cells (Dalen-Fuchs nodules). Bone marrow derived monocytes were the major cellular components in these granulomas. In two cases, histopathology failed to demonstrate typical Dalen-Fuchs nodules or granulomas in the choroid. However, the choroidal infiltrates were composed primarily of T-helper and B lymphocytes, without macrophages or epithelioid cells. The eyes examined in this report indicate that a varied spectrum of immunopathological and histopathological findings may occur in clinically diagnosed SO.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Choroid / pathology
  • Endophthalmitis / immunology
  • Endophthalmitis / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Techniques
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retina / pathology
  • T-Lymphocytes / pathology