Are the Insertion Torque Value and Implant Stability Quotient Correlated, and If So, Can Insertion Torque Values Predict Secondary Implant Stability? A Prospective Parallel Cohort Study

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2022 Jan-Feb;37(1):135-142. doi: 10.11607/jomi.9064.


Purpose: Primary stability is the most important prognostic index for predicting osseointegration. It is generally thought that to achieve high primary stability, it is necessary to insert an implant with a high insertion torque (IT). To date, it has not yet been determined whether IT and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values are correlated. The primary aim of the study was to determine the correlation between IT and ISQ values at the time of implant insertion (T0); at 2 months, the time of healing (T1); and at 6 (T2) and 12 months (T3) after loading. The secondary aims were to determine the influence of different macroscopic implant designs and of a different insertion arch on this correlation; and to assess whether implants inserted with a high IT, that is, > 50 Ncm, had higher levels of implant stability at 2-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups.

Materials and methods: STROBE guidelines were followed. Partially or monoedentulous patients were randomly assigned to receive taper thread on straight-body implants with microthreads (group A) or without microthreads (group B). At implant insertion, IT and ISQ values were recorded. At 2-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups, the ISQ values were recorded. A spring-style torque wrench was used to assess the IT. The Osstell device was used to determine the ISQ values. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and t test were used. P was set at ≤ .005.

Results: Two hundred fifty subjects were assessed; 142 were included. Two hundred sixty-eight implants were inserted (group A, 137 implants; group B, 131 implants). No subject dropped out, and no implant failed. A statistically significant correlation between ISQ and IT was determined at the time of implant insertion (T0; P = .000). The implant morphology and arch did not influence the correlation. An IT > 50 did not determine a higher secondary stability.

Conclusion: There is a strong correlation between IT and primary stability, but IT is not correlated with the secondary stability. A different implant macroscopic design and a different arch of insertion did not influence this correlation. Moreover, implants inserted with IT > 50 Ncm do not result in greater secondary stability.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous*
  • Dental Implants*
  • Dental Prosthesis Design
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Torque


  • Dental Implants