Spherical Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx Magic Cube with Ultrahigh Water/Seawater Oxidation Efficiency

Adv Sci (Weinh). 2022 Mar;9(7):e2104846. doi: 10.1002/advs.202104846. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Abstract

The rational construction of earth-abundant and advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is extremely desired and significant to seawater electrolysis. Herein, by directly etching Ni3 S2 nanosheets through potassium ferricyanide, a novel self-sacrificing template strategy is proposed to realize the in situ growth of NiFe-based Prussian blue analogs (NiFe PBA) on Ni3 S2 in an interfacial redox reaction. The well-designed Ni3 S2 @NiFe PBA composite as precursor displays a unique spherical magic cube architecture composed of nanocubes, which even maintains after a phosphating treatment to obtain the derived Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx on nickel foam. Specifically, in alkaline seawater, the Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx as OER precatalyst marvelously realizes the ultralow overpotentials of 336 and 351 mV at large current densities of 500 and 1000 mA cm-2 , respectively, with remarkable durability for over 225 h, outperforming most reported advanced OER electrocatalysts. Experimentally, a series of characterization results confirm the reconstruction behavior in the Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx surface, leading to the in situ formation of Ni(OH)2 /Ni(Fe)OOH with abundant oxygen vacancies and grain boundaries, which constructs the Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx reconstruction system responsible for the remarkable OER catalytic activity. Theoretical calculation results further verify the enhanced OER activity for Ni3 S2 /Fe-NiPx reconstruction system, and unveil that the Fe-Ni2 P/FeOOH as active origin contributes to the central OER activity.

Keywords: double anion heterostructure; oxygen evolution reaction; reconstruction; seawater oxidation; spherical magic cube.