Allergic rhinitis: diagnosis and management

Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2022 Feb 2;83(2):1-9. doi: 10.12968/hmed.2021.0570. Epub 2022 Feb 23.


Allergic rhinitis affects 20% of the population of the UK. It confers a significant health burden upon the individual as it affects the patient's quality of life and is associated with serious comorbidities including asthma, sinusitis and conjunctivitis. Owing to its prevalence, it has a significant economic impact through its effects on education, productivity and use of healthcare resources. This review focuses on the management of allergic rhinitis and potential future treatments, because of the lack of clear national guidelines and because this illness is often misdiagnosed and mismanaged. The article provides a comprehensive overview of allergic rhinitis and illustrates the assessment criteria for various subcategories.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; Clinical medicine; Diagnosing allergic rhinitis; Management of rhinitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Asthma* / complications
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Rhinitis, Allergic* / diagnosis
  • Rhinitis, Allergic* / epidemiology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic* / therapy
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial* / diagnosis
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial* / epidemiology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial* / therapy
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal* / diagnosis
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal* / epidemiology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal* / therapy