Development and validation of an LC-MS/MS based quantitative assay for marmoset insulin in serum

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2022 Apr 15;1195:123150. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2022.123150. Epub 2022 Feb 25.


Insulin is a peptide hormone that is secreted by the β cells of the pancreas and is essential to the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body. The marmoset insulin peptide is not homologous with human insulin and therefore commonly available assays do not work for this species. Due to the increasing popularity of marmoset research, a simple, specific assay for the quantitation of marmoset insulin is needed. This study aimed to develop and validate a bottom-up proteomic workflow with trypsin digestion and analysis using LC coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Marmoset serum proteins were subjected to denaturation, reduction, and enzymatic cleavage to extract a unique, 7 amino acid peptide for quantitation of marmoset insulin. Resolution of the peptide was achieved by LC-MS/MS using electrospray ionization operating in positive mode. Calibration was achieved by aliquot dilution of fully synthetic marmoset insulin tryptic peptide into macaque serum. A stable-isotope labeled (13C, 15N) synthetic marmoset insulin tryptic peptide was used as internal standard. The assay was fully validated according to bioanalytical method validation guidelines for linearity, precision, and dilution linearity using purified marmoset insulin. The limit of detection was 15.49 pmol/L and the limit of quantitation was 140.78 pmol/L. Biological validation was achieved by comparison of samples previously run by radioimmunoassay and measurement of the marmoset insulin response to glucose via an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The physiological range of marmoset insulin was shown to be 84.5 to 1222 pmol/L. In summary, this paper presents a simple, reproducible method to measure marmoset insulin in serum using LC-MS/MS.

Keywords: Insulin; LC-MS/MS; Marmosets; Metabolic syndrome; Nonhuman primate model.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Callithrix / physiology*
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Insulin / blood*
  • Limit of Detection
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*


  • Insulin