Incidence of Melanoma in the Basque Province of Álava, Spain, From 2015 to 2018: A Descriptive Study

Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2022 Feb;113(2):178-182. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2021 Jul 26.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising fast, and its prevalence has doubled in the past 3 decades. Detailed local epidemiological information is essential for informing community-based prevention strategies and optimizing hospital resources.

Material and methods: We included all patients diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma at Hospital Universitario Araba in the Basque province of Álava, Spain, between January 2015 and December 2018. We described clinical and pathologic characteristics and calculated annual incidence rates adjusted to the European standard population.

Results: A total of 242 new cases of melanoma were diagnosed between 2015 and 2018. The age-standardized annual incidence rose from 12.92 cases per 100 000 population in 2015 to 18.30 cases per 100 000 population in 2018.

Conclusions: The incidence of melanoma in our area is higher than that reported for Spanish series in 2017 and 2018. Lentigo maligna accounted for a high proportion of cases and was the second largest histologic subgroup.

Keywords: Basque Country; Cohort studies; Epidemiology; Epidemiología; España; Estudios de cohorte; Melanoma; País Vasco; Spain.

Publication types

  • Case Reports