The Influence of Expanded Glass and Expanded Clay on Lightweight Aggregate Shotcrete Properties

Materials (Basel). 2022 Feb 23;15(5):1674. doi: 10.3390/ma15051674.


In the construction industry, the selection of sustainable materials leads to a movement towards more sustainable construction. In this study, lightweight aggregate shotcrete based on expanded glass (EG) and expanded clay (EC) is investigated. The goal of the study is to determine the influence of EG and EC inclusion on the properties of shotcrete. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) powder with supplementary cementitious materials, such as silica fume and ground glass waste, are used as binders. The mechanical, physical and morphological properties, as well as the mineral and oxygen compositions, are obtained through compressive and flexural strength tests, thermal conductivity measurements, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. In this study, the mechanical, physical and thermal properties and waste utilization as cement supplementary materials are balanced. The shotcrete samples show that a density of 790 kg/m3 had a good thermal performance (thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.174 W/(m·K)) with the sufficient compressive strength of 6.26 MPa.

Keywords: cement supplementary materials; expanded clay; expanded glass; lightweight aggregate shotcrete; thermal conductivity coefficient.