Clinical toxicology of cyanide

Ann Emerg Med. 1986 Sep;15(9):1067-74. doi: 10.1016/s0196-0644(86)80131-7.


Cyanide poisoning causes a high incidence of severe symptomatology and fatality. There are numerous sources of potential cyanide exposure. Without the history of cyanide exposure, diagnosis is often difficult. Treatment with supportive measures and available specific and efficacious antidotes frequently allows survival. The toxicology of cyanide, including sources, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment, is reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amygdalin / poisoning
  • Cyanides / blood
  • Cyanides / toxicity*
  • Humans
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation
  • Plant Poisoning / diagnosis
  • Plant Poisoning / therapy
  • Sodium Nitrite / therapeutic use


  • Cyanides
  • Amygdalin
  • Sodium Nitrite