Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the midterm outcomes at 1 year in the expanded first-in-human experience with the transfemoral EVOQUE system (Edwards Lifesciences) for tricuspid regurgitation (TR).
Background: Untreated TR is associated with excess mortality and morbidity. The first-in-human experience with the EVOQUE tricuspid valve replacement system reported favorable 30-day outcomes with no mortality in a compassionate use population.
Methods: Twenty-seven patients with severe TR were treated with the EVOQUE system in a compassionate use experience at 7 centers between May 2019 and July 2020. All patients had clinical right-sided heart failure (HF) and were deemed inoperable and unsuitable for transcatheter edge-to-edge repair by the institutional heart teams. The clinical outcomes collected included all-cause mortality, symptom status, TR severity, HF hospitalization, and major adverse cardiovascular events.
Results: At baseline, all patients (age: 77 ± 8 years, 89% female) were at high surgical risk (mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score: 8.6% ± 5.5%), with 89% New York Heart Association functional class III/IV. TR was predominantly functional in etiology (19/27, 70%). At 1 year, mortality was 7% (2/27), 70% of patients were New York Heart Association functional class I/II, and 96% and 87% of patients had a TR grade ≤2+ and ≤1+, respectively. Between 30 days and 1 year, 2 patients experienced HF hospitalizations, and 1 patient required a new pacemaker implantation.
Conclusions: In this early, compassionate use experience, the transfemoral transcatheter EVOQUE tricuspid valve replacement system demonstrated durable efficacy, persistent improvement in symptom status, and low rates of mortality and HF hospitalizations at a 1-year follow-up. Further studies are underway to validate its efficacy.
Keywords: EVOQUE; transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement; tricuspid regurgitation; tricuspid valve.
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