Endometrial carcinoma is one of the most common gynecologic malignancies. CXCL17-CXCR8 (GPR35) axis is reported to play an indispensability role in tumors. Our purpose is to screen possible prognostic and immune-related factors in endometrial carcinoma by detecting the mRNA and protein expression of CXCL17 and CXCR8. We use the qRT-PCR method to test the mRNA expression of CXCL17 and CXCR8 in 35 pairs of endometrial carcinoma and adjacent tissue. The protein expression of CXCL17 and CXCR8 in 30 cases of normal proliferative endometrium, 30 cases of endometrial atypical hyperplasia and 50 cases of endometrial carcinoma was detected by tissue microarray immunohistochemistry. There was no significant difference in the positive expression rate between endometrial adenocarcinoma tissue and endometrial atypical hyperplasia tissue (P > 0.05). But significantly better than normal proliferative tissue (P < 0.001). Correlation analysis of CXCR8 and CXCL17 in endometrial carcinoma showed a positive correlation (r = 0.9123, P < 0.0001). For patients with endometrial cancer, the overall survival (OS) of patients with high CXCL17 expression was significantly higher than that low CXCL17 expression (log-rank test, P < 0.0001), whereas CXCR8 had no statistical significance. But the expression of CXCR8 is an independent prognostic factor of OS in endometrial carcinoma patients. Our study showed that CXCL17 and CXCR8 may be involved in the occurrence and development of endometrial cancer. High expression of CXCL17 may be used as a biomarker for predicting survival. Because CXCL17 and CXCL18 are related to lymphocytes and immune regulation, they are expected to become potential targets for immunotherapy.
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