Acute pancreatitis

Med Clin (Barc). 2022 Jun 10;158(11):556-563. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2021.12.012. Epub 2022 Mar 8.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Acute pancreatitis is nowadays one of the most common diseases among gastroenterology disorders, being gallstones and alcohol the main etiologies. Diagnostic criteria and indications of different imaging techniques are well defined, so that abdominal ultrasound is useful for etiological diagnosis whereas computarized tomography is better for risk stratification and local complications assessment. Goal directed fludtherapy, early starting of oral feeding and pain management are the mainstay of early treatment in acute pancreatitis. Antibiotics are useful when infected necrosis or extra pancreatic infections are documented or suspected but no as prophylaxis in sterile necrotizing pancreatitis. Minimally invasive approaches have emerged in the last decade for walled off necrosis management, improving complication rates, quality of life and length of hospital stay when compared with open surgery.

Keywords: Acute pancreatitis; Etiology; Etiología; Management; Necrotizing pancreatitis; Pancreatitis aguda; Pancreatitis necrotizante; Tratamiento.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Humans
  • Necrosis
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / diagnosis
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / etiology
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / therapy
  • Quality of Life*