Causes of Early Hip Revision Vary by Age and Gender: Analysis of Data From a Statewide Quality Registry

J Arthroplasty. 2022 Jul;37(7S):S616-S621. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2022.03.014. Epub 2022 Mar 9.


Background: While total hip arthroplasty (THA) is extremely successful, early failures do occur. The purpose of this study was to determine the cause of revision in specific patient demographic groups at 3 time points to potentially help decrease the revision risk.

Methods: Data for cases performed between 2012 and 2018 from a statewide, quality improvement arthroplasty registry were used. The database included 79,205 THA cases and 1,433 revisions with identified etiology (1,584 in total). All revisions performed at <5 years from the primary THA were reviewed. Six groups, men/women, <65, 65-75, and >75 years, were compared at revision time points <6 months, <1 year, and <5 years.

Results: There were obvious and significant differences between subgroups based on demographics and time points (P < .0001). Seven hundred and fifty-six (53%) of all revisions occurred within 6 months. The most common etiologies within 6 months (756 revisions) were fracture (316, 41.8%), dislocation/instability (194, 25.7%), and infection (98, 12.9%). At this early time point, the most common revision cause was fracture for all age/gender-stratified groups, ranging from 27.6% in young men to 60% in older women. Joint instability became the leading cause for revision after 1 year in all groups.

Conclusion: This quality improvement project demonstrated clinically meaningful differences in the reason for THA revision between gender, age, and time from surgery. Strategies based on these data should be employed by surgeons to minimize the factors that lead to revision.

Keywords: database; periprosthetic fracture; quality improvement; revision total hip arthroplasty; total hip arthroplasty.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Female
  • Hip Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Registries
  • Reoperation
  • Risk Factors