•We searched PubMed, PsycInfo and EconLit for RCTs that evaluated BE interventions in CRC screening.•We identified 1027 papers for title and abstract review. 30 studies were eligible for the review.•The most frequently tested BE intervention was incentives, followed by default principle and salience.•Default-based interventions were most likely to be effective. Incentives had mixed evidence.•BE remains a promising field of interest in relation to influencing CRC screening behaviours.
Keywords: Behavioural economics; Colorectal cancer screening; MINDSPACE; RCT; Systematic review.
© 2022 The Authors.