Integrative structure modeling is increasingly used for determining the architectures of biological assemblies, especially those that are structurally heterogeneous. Recently, we reported on how to convert in vivo genetic interaction measurements into spatial restraints for structural modeling: first, phenotypic profiles are generated for each point mutation and thousands of gene deletions or environmental perturbations. Following, the phenotypic profile similarities are converted into distance restraints on the pairs of mutated residues. We illustrate the approach by determining the structure of the histone H3-H4 complex. The method is implemented in our open-source IMP program, expanding the structural biology toolbox by allowing structural characterization based on in vivo data without the need to purify the target system. We compare genetic interaction measurements to other sources of structural information, such as residue coevolution and deep-learning structure prediction of complex subunits. We also suggest that determining genetic interactions could benefit from new technologies, such as CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to gene editing, especially for mammalian cells. Finally, we highlight the opportunity for using genetic interactions to determine recalcitrant biomolecular structures, such as those of disordered proteins, transient protein assemblies, and host-pathogen protein complexes.
Keywords: genetic interactions; integrative structure modeling; in vivo data.
© 2022 The Authors. The FEBS Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Federation of European Biochemical Societies.