Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor δ serves as the orexigenic asprosin receptor

Cell Metab. 2022 Apr 5;34(4):549-563.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2022.02.012. Epub 2022 Mar 16.


Asprosin is a fasting-induced glucogenic and centrally acting orexigenic hormone. The olfactory receptor Olfr734 is known to be the hepatic receptor for asprosin that mediates its effects on glucose production, but the receptor for asprosin's orexigenic function has been unclear. Here, we have identified protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor δ (Ptprd) as the orexigenic receptor for asprosin. Asprosin functions as a high-affinity Ptprd ligand in hypothalamic AgRP neurons, regulating the activity of this circuit in a cell-autonomous manner. Genetic ablation of Ptprd results in a strong loss of appetite, leanness, and an inability to respond to the orexigenic effects of asprosin. Ablation of Ptprd specifically in AgRP neurons causes resistance to diet-induced obesity. Introduction of the soluble Ptprd ligand-binding domain in the circulation of mice suppresses appetite and blood glucose levels by sequestering plasma asprosin. Identification of Ptprd as the orexigenic asprosin receptor creates a new avenue for the development of anti-obesity therapeutics.

Keywords: AgRP; Ptprd; appetite; asprosin; hypothalamus; metabolism; obesity; receptor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Agouti-Related Protein
  • Animals
  • Fibrillin-1 / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Peptide Hormones* / genetics
  • Peptide Hormones* / metabolism
  • Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 2* / metabolism


  • Agouti-Related Protein
  • Fibrillin-1
  • Ligands
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptide Hormones
  • asprosin protein, mouse
  • Ptprd protein, mouse
  • Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 2
  • Glucose