A total of 49 gastric tubular adenomas and 6 tubular adenomas with foci of adenocarcinoma from surgically resected stomachs were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for gut peptide hormones, serotonin, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), secretory component (SC), and lysozyme. A variety of endocrine cells were detected in tubular adenoma with mild to moderate atypia. Both the frequency and distribution density were highest for serotonin-containing EC cells, often showing hyperplasia, followed by glicentin-containing L cells, somatostatin-containing D cells and motilin-containing Mo cells in the order given. Adenoma cells with SC immunoreactivity were more dominant than those with CEA immunoreactivity. In tubular adenoma with severe atypia, endocrine cells were markedly decreased, whereas adenoma cells with CEA immunoreactivity were increased. The distribution density of lysozyme-containing cells in tubular adenoma of the intermediate zone and fundus was significantly higher than that of the antrum. In the subjacent mucosa of the adenoma, L cells and SC-positive epithelial cells were detected in 24 and 33 cases, respectively. These findings suggest that gastric tubular adenoma develops from intestinal metaplasia. In addition, gastric tubular adenoma showed a tendency to lose various intestinal markers with increase of histologic atypicality.