Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness, safety and pharmacokinetics of adamgammadex in surgical patients.
Methods: Forty-eight patients aged 18-64 years old were randomized to receive adamgammadex (2, 4, 6, and 8 mg.kg-1 ) or placebo at a ratio of 10:2 for reversal of 0.6 mg.kg-1 rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block. Neuromuscular function was monitored by TOF-Watch® SX. When the T2 of train-of-four (TOF) reappeared at the end of surgery, patients received an intravenous administration of adamgammadex or placebo.
Results: The recovery time of the TOF ratio to 0.9 decreased significantly from 39.3 [29.5, 50.2] minutes in the group that received placebo to 3.0 [2.3, 3.9] minutes, P < .0001; 2.1 [1.5, 3.0] minutes, P < .0001; 2.1 [1.8, 3.3] minutes, P < .0001; and 1.8 [1.5, 2.2] minutes, P < .0001 in the 2, 4, 6 and 8 mg.kg-1 adamgammadex groups, respectively. Then, adamgammadex also showed a shortened recovery time for the TOF ratio recovered to 0.8 and 0.7. Adamgammadex was well tolerated, and no cases of anaphylactic reactions, post-operative bleeding, recurarization, abnormal basic vital signs and prolonged QT intervals were observed. The pharmacokinetics of adamgammadex in plasma increased in dose-dependent manner. The 24-hour cumulative fraction of adamgammadex in urine was 65-83%, and that of rocuronium was increased after using adamgammadex from 15% to about 25-30%.
Conclusion: Adamgammadex was found to be effective for reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block, and it was safe and well tolerated in patients.
Keywords: adamgammadex; muscle relaxant antagonist; perioperative medicine; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; safety evaluation.
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