Two-Dimensional Platinum Diselenide Waveguide-Integrated Infrared Photodetectors

ACS Photonics. 2022 Mar 16;9(3):859-867. doi: 10.1021/acsphotonics.1c01517. Epub 2022 Mar 4.


Low-cost, easily integrable photodetectors (PDs) for silicon (Si) photonics are still a bottleneck for photonic-integrated circuits (PICs), especially for wavelengths above 1.8 μm. Multilayered platinum diselenide (PtSe2) is a semi-metallic two-dimensional (2D) material that can be synthesized below 450 °C. We integrate PtSe2-based PDs directly by conformal growth on Si waveguides. The PDs operate at 1550 nm wavelength with a maximum responsivity of 11 mA/W and response times below 8.4 μs. Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy in the wavelength range from 1.25 to 28 μm indicates the suitability of PtSe2 for PDs far into the IR wavelength range. Our PtSe2 PDs integrated by direct growth outperform PtSe2 PDs manufactured by standard 2D layer transfer. The combination of IR responsivity, chemical stability, selective and conformal growth at low temperatures, and the potential for high carrier mobility makes PtSe2 an attractive 2D material for optoelectronics and PICs.