Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness and reasons for discontinuation including the side effect profiles of adalimumab in a real-world setting.
Design: Retrospective clinical cohort study.
Methods: A medical chart review of clinical practice in 2 tertiary eye care services in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, was performed Data were collected from May 1, 2004, through September 1, 2020. Patients with noninfectious uveitis treated with adalimumab (n = 341; 633 affected eyes) were included. The primary outcome was the effectiveness of adalimumab, measured by the number of patients achieving inactive disease, remission, and relapse-free survival. The secondary outcomes were the reasons for discontinuation, including side effects, and the number of patients who developed antibodies.
Results: In total, 341 patients were treated with adalimumab between May 2004 and September 2020. The uveitis recurrence-free survival interval was 3.4 years (range, 0-13 years). Adalimumab had an acceptable side effect profile. A total of 178 patients achieved inactive disease while continuing adalimumab, and 51 patients maintained remission after discontinuing adalimumab. Reasons for discontinuation of adalimumab were no response, relapse, or reasons unrelated to the effectiveness of treatment. Adalimumab antibodies were present in 40 of 115 patients (35%). Antibodies were associated with lower adalimumab levels, and antibodies were observed more often in patients on adalimumab monotherapy (P < .01).
Conclusions: Adalimumab is effective for patients with noninfectious uveitis, with an acceptable side effect profile. Although relapses can occur, the majority of the patients achieved inactive disease or remission after cessation of adalimumab, without other systemic immunosuppressive medication.
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.