prepareforleap: An automated tool for fast PDB-to-parameter generation

J Comput Chem. 2022 May 15;43(13):930-935. doi: 10.1002/jcc.26847. Epub 2022 Mar 23.


Setting up molecular dynamics simulations from experimentally determined structures is often complicated by a variety of factors, particularly the inclusion of carbohydrates, since these have several anomer types which can be linked in a variety of ways. Here we present a stand-alone tool implemented in the widely-used software CPPTRAJ that can be used to automate building structures and generating a "ready to run" parameter and coordinate file pair. This tool automatically identifies carbohydrate anomer type, configuration, linkage, and functional groups, and performs topology modifications (e.g., renaming residue/atom names) required to build the final system using state of the art GLYCAM force field parameters. It will also generate the necessary commands for bonding carbohydrates and creating any disulfide bonds.

Keywords: Amber; CPPTRAJ; carbohydrates; molecular dynamics; system preparation.

MeSH terms

  • Carbohydrates / chemistry
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*
  • Software*


  • Carbohydrates