Rapid Population-Based Surveillance of Prenatal and Postpartum Experiences During Public Health Emergencies, Puerto Rico, 2016‒2018

Am J Public Health. 2022 Apr;112(4):574-578. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306687.


The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System-Zika Postpartum Emergency Response study, implemented in Puerto Rico during the Zika virus outbreak (2016-2017) and after Hurricanes Irma and María (2017-2018), collected pregnancy-related data using postpartum hospital-based surveys and telephone follow-up surveys. Response rates of 75% or more were observed across five study surveys. The study informed programs, increased the Puerto Rico Department of Health's capacity to conduct maternal‒infant health surveillance, and demonstrated the effectiveness of this methodology for collecting data during public health emergencies. (Am J Public Health. 2022;112(4):574-578. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306687).

MeSH terms

  • Emergencies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Postpartum Period
  • Pregnancy
  • Public Health
  • Puerto Rico / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vitamins
  • Zika Virus Infection* / epidemiology
  • Zika Virus*


  • Vitamins