Extensive Inferior Vena Cava Thrombosis Related to COVID-19 Infection in a Patient with Retrievable Filter Due to Multiple Pelvic Bone Fractures

Vasc Specialist Int. 2022 Mar 24:38:4. doi: 10.5758/vsi.210070.

Abstract

Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is often attributed to IVC filters. Here, we describe the first case of IVC filter thrombosis associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection in a 34-year-old male with multiple pelvic fractures. The IVC filter was initially placed prophylactically prior to major orthopedic trauma reconstruction complicated by silent pulmonary embolism, precluding the safe transition to therapeutic anticoagulation due to the high hemorrhagic risk from pelvic fracture fixation. This case highlights the potentially increased risk of severe complications in patients receiving vascular care if they were to contract coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in the hospital. IVC filter placement in the patient resulted in complete IVC thrombosis after he acquired COVID-19 infection. Prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin could not prevent this complication. However, prompt initiation of therapeutic anticoagulation with rivaroxaban led to the complete resolution of IVC thrombosis over weeks after viral negativization and discharge.

Keywords: COVID-19; Inferior vena cava; Pelvic bones; Vena cava filters; Venous thrombosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports