Tranexamic acid is a plasmin inhibitor that is used off-label for the treatment of melasma. The use of tranexamic acid has expanded in the field of dermatology based on its anti-inflammatory and anti-melanin-producing properties, which include the treatment of rosacea, urticaria, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Tranexamic acid may have more uses in dermatology that require future studies. It should be used with caution during the COVID-19 pandemic given its procoagulant nature.
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