Thromboinflammation in Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN)-A Puzzle Still to Be Solved

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Mar 16;23(6):3206. doi: 10.3390/ijms23063206.


Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), a group of malignant hematological disorders, occur as a consequence of somatic mutations in the hematopoietic stem cell compartment and show excessive accumulation of mature myeloid cells in the blood. A major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients is the marked prothrombotic state leading to venous and arterial thrombosis, including myocardial infarction (MI), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and strokes. Additionally, many MPN patients suffer from inflammation-mediated constitutional symptoms, such as fever, night sweats, fatigue, and cachexia. The chronic inflammatory syndrome in MPNs is associated with the up-regulation of various inflammatory cytokines in patients and is involved in the formation of the so-called MPN thromboinflammation. JAK2-V617F, the most prevalent mutation in MPNs, has been shown to activate a number of integrins on mature myeloid cells, including granulocytes and erythrocytes, which increase adhesion and drive venous thrombosis in murine knock-in/out models. This review aims to shed light on the current understanding of thromboinflammation, involvement of neutrophils in the prothrombotic state, plausible molecular mechanisms triggering the process of thrombosis, and potential novel therapeutic targets for developing effective strategies to reduce the MPN disease burden.

Keywords: MPN; inflammatory cytokines; integrins; neutrophils; thromboinflammation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / complications
  • Inflammation / genetics
  • Janus Kinase 2 / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders* / complications
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders* / genetics
  • Neoplasms* / complications
  • Thromboinflammation
  • Thrombosis* / etiology


  • Janus Kinase 2