Anal and cervical human papillomavirus genotypes in women co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus: A systematic review

Int J STD AIDS. 2022 May;33(6):530-543. doi: 10.1177/09564624221076293. Epub 2022 Mar 25.


Human papillomavirus (HPV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are sexually transmitted. There are several HPV genotypes and clinical manifestations. Determining which genotypes circulate worldwide and/or in specific geographic areas can help with prevention programs and vaccine distribution. This systematic review aimed to investigate the most frequent anal and cervical HPV genotypes in women co-infected with HPV/HIV. The PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences databases were used to search for articles published between January 2015 and August 2021, and the included articles followed the defined selection criteria. Based on the 51 articles included, HPV16 was the most prevalent (41%) genotype, followed by HPV52 (17%) and HPV58 (14%). Based on the comparative analyses of the HIV-negative women with HPV and the HPV/HIV co-infected groups, HPV16 was frequent in both groups; HPV58, HPV31, and HPV52 were more frequent in the co-infected group; and HPV18 was more common in HIV-negative women with HPV. HPV/HIV co-infected women most frequently presented the HPV genotypes 16, 58, and 52, whereas HIV-negative women with HPV had a higher frequency of HPV16, HPV18, and HPV52 genotypes. The results indicate the importance of genotype surveillance as a strategy to improve preventive measures against HPV infection and its complications. International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) registration number: CRD42020220121.

Keywords: human immunodeficiency virus; infection; papillomaviridae; women.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Alphapapillomavirus*
  • Coinfection* / complications
  • Coinfection* / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • HIV
  • HIV Infections* / complications
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • Human papillomavirus 16 / genetics
  • Humans
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics
  • Papillomavirus Infections* / complications
  • Papillomavirus Infections* / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms* / epidemiology