Evaluation of real-life outcome data of patients with spinal muscular atrophy treated with nusinersen in Switzerland

Neuromuscul Disord. 2022 May;32(5):399-409. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2022.02.001. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Abstract

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder causing progressive proximal muscular, respiratory, and bulbar weakness. We present outcome data on motor function, ventilation, nutrition, and language development of SMA patients treated with nusinersen in Switzerland. This multicenter, observational study included 44 patients. At treatment initiation, after 2 months and then every 4 months we assessed motor function with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP-INTEND), Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale expanded (HFMSE) and 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT). At treatment initiation, patients were 0.1-44.6 years old, treatment duration ranged from 6 to 41 months. All 11 SMA type 1 children achieved higher CHOP-INTEND scores at the last assessment compared to treatment initiation, 4 acquired stable sitting. Six type 1 children were <18 months-old at treatment initiation. Two of them did not need ventilation or nutritional support at the last assessment; three had delayed language development and 3 articulation difficulties. 5/21 SMA type 2 patients achieved higher HFMSE scores. All ambulant type 3 patients showed a gain in the 6MWT. Nusinersen is an effective treatment, with gains in motor function occurring particularly in children and SMA type 1, but also in type 2 and 3, adolescents and adults.

Keywords: Nusinersen; Real-life outcome data; Spinal muscular atrophy; Switzerland; Treatment efficacy.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Muscular Atrophy, Spinal*
  • Oligonucleotides / therapeutic use
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood* / drug therapy
  • Switzerland
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Oligonucleotides
  • nusinersen